The first step to selecting an HVAC system for your home, a builder or contractor will need to determine the heating and ventilation load. Factors from the environment combined with design calculations will determine the loads and must be considered to ensure that you install the right system for your home heating needs. The home must be assessed accurately and will ensure that your new unit will have variable productivity which will help the heating unit to operate as the climate around you changes.
What Factors are involved with Heating and Ventilation Loads?
- When a technician begins to determine the heating and ventilation loads for your home based on the structure, a number of factors must be considered. Below are the high points:
- The amount of heat that will be distributed through areas that is not heated
- How much heat is needed is needed for the air to become hot which will penetrate doorways, windows and all entry/exit points
- Which heat is necessary to make the air which was brought into the space hot
- Other load calculations
Calculations for Design
Other calculations can include the constant average temperature during the winter nights as well as a continuous supply of heat. The energy usage of the equipment as well as the quantity of heat that will be accumulated within the home must also be considered.
Method to Estimate the Heating Load
When you are having a new unit installed in the home, the estimation of the heating load must take place. A knowledgeable and experienced technician will have to use their know-how to calculate just what you need for the home. There is a particular process that must be completed to estimate the load. The process is as follows:
- The weather conditions of the outside of the home are to be assessed which will include the temperature, humidity, wind path and wind speed
- The desired indoor air temperature must be determined
- The temperature of adjoining locations that will not be heated must be determined
- The coefficient of heat transmission must be chosen
- The technician will need to establish which outside areas where the heat will dissipate
- The loss by heat transference based on brick, base and glass of the building must be estimated
- The heat loss of any underground area must be considered
Overall Structure of the Building
When the heating system type and design calculations are made, these decision will be mainly based on the structure of the home. Combining the direction of the sun, the exposure to win as well as periods of occupancy will help to determine the heating needs of the home. The financial impact of the equipment as well as fuel needed will need to be estimated as well. Each factor will need to be determined to make the right choice for your comfort needs.
When you are ready for a new unit, these factors must be considered to you know that you are getting the best heat possible in the home. A qualified technician will understand the need for such calculations and take the appropriate measures to get you the best unit for your home. When you are installing a new unit in the home, be sure to contact only top-rated HVAC companies to ensure that your system will be installed correctly and be the right option for the size and heating need of your home. Ask questions and be involved in the process so you can learn more about heating and ventilation load calculations and see just how the process is completed. You will have a better understanding of your system as well as how heating is provided to your home via a new HVAC system.